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Pages and Files
Religion and the Importance of the Church
Crime and Punishment
Death and Funeral Traditions
Life in a Colonial City
Life on the Farm or Plantation
Cooking and Food
Men's Jobs and Apprenticeships
Women in the House
Trade and Economy
Life on the Farm or Plantation
No market was needed on a farm in Colonial America. They grew and used almost everything for their families.” Jacks of all trades,” was slang for farmers because they didn’t just farm. Many large farms in the south had slaves. Slaves would jump over brooms as a symbol of marriage because most slave owners did not let slaves get married properly. If a slave tried to run away and was caught, they would wear racks of bells around their necks so; if they tried to run away they would get caught. All farmers had different styles of farming. If a farming family had more than enough to eat, they would share with another family that had less. In colonial times, most farms were double or triple their size than the farms of today.
Colonial farming was not that different than farming of today. Tobacco was made in the south and was very popular in the colonies. The farmers of colonial times usually grew wheat, barley, oats, rye, & tobacco. In New England farming was difficult considering they lived by the ocean and their land wasn’t fertile. The middle colonies were better for farming. They also grew every crop in North America! Cattle were used to plow the land and wore muzzles so the crops wouldn’t be eaten. A cash crop is a crop people make money of f of. This is why their farming isn’t that then ours today.
Colonial Life on the Farm
Many colonial people depended on farming for a living, and the people who did farm depended on the things they grew. Farmers were known as the “jack-of-all-trades” because they knew how to do many different things. They grew corn, wheat, tobacco, and barley and they raised cows and pigs. Whatever they didn’t use on the farm they sold in town. Northern farmers faced boulders and cold weather. Southern farmers faced a swampy climate and diseases. Colonial farmers sometimes “wasted” land. For example, farmers would clear trees and then the topsoil would wash away because there were no tree roots to hold the soil together. Another way they wasted land was by moving to new land whenever it was needed. Colonial farmers were sometimes wasteful, but they were still successful. This is amazing considering their tools were very simple and made of wood. Colonial farmers faced many obstacles, but they still supported the growing colonies.
Life on the farm
If you lived on a farm in colonial times you had some tough times trying to get food. Most farms were in New England, but soil wasn’t good for growing crops. Even though they didn’t grow much in the winter but they grew enough for there small families. They would eat fish most of the time. The middle colonies grew wheat, barley, oats, rye and corn. In the southern colonies, they had the most food and were called the breadbasket. Their wheat turned into flour and that was sold to the other colonies. Southern colonies grew several crops. The most popular crop was tobacco. If you grew up on a farm, here is one tip, if crops die try mixing. Corn into cornbread, cornbread into cornmeal. If you lived there you would need sunshine and no droughts.
Life on the Farm
Colonists who owned farms were very resourceful people. They ate and wore whatever they could produce. They made food, clothing, their homes, tables, beds, chairs etc. Some crops they made were: corn, wheat, tobacco, and barley. Farmers killed and ate cattle and hogs. Whatever they didn’t eat or use, they brought it to the town to trade or sell. Tools that farmers used were basic and made out of wood. All of the different colonies grew different crops because of the climates. New England farmers struggled with boulder-filled fields and early frosts, but southern farmers dealt with disease because of the swamp-like climates. Southern farmers grew their crops on huge farms called plantations. It was important not to waste any of the resources and everything was used or traded.
In colonial times, life on the farm was very hard. I didn’t think it was hard back then, but I guess I was wrong. Cash crops are the key to making to making a lot of $ in colonial America. The best cash crop to sell was tobacco. People sold tobacco at markets and got a lot of money for it. Not many farmers were to wealthy for surplus. Surplus is when a farmer grows a lot of food and has enough for their families and had so much more for leftover. The food that where planted on the plantation were these, onions, tobacco, corn, and many other foods. Slavery was big on some farms. The slaves planted, watered, and fed all of the crops. They also gave the slave masters massages and had to fix everything in the house.The farm world in colonial America sounded fun and hard. The farming back in colonial times was much different than today.
Life on a Farm
Even thought living on the farm was quiet, calm, and sometimes simple, it wasn’t always that easy. Colonists’ most important tool was a gun. It is used to get food, keep away wildcats, wolves, and bears; it is also used to shoot in the air to clear a small field. For entertainment, they would have athletic competitions, fight, or go to a wedding party that lasts for days. They had no TVs. Farmers made their own cloths, tables, beds, and chairs. The most common crops were corn, tobacco, wheat, and barley. What ever the family didn’t use, would go into town and be traded. Jamestown would sell thousands of pounds of tobacco to England. Middle colonies were great for farming. The middle colonies were called the “Breadbasket” because they could farm so well. Plantation owners were wealthy because they would grow, and sell crops. People on the farm could sometimes have a simple life, but it could also be prosperous!
Life on a farm during colonial times was all work. Also, what farmers grew crops was for the family and they also made their own clothes. Some crops were corn, wheat, tobacco, and barley, also what the family didn’t need; they sold or traded. In November it was killing season. On large farms, they shipped goods. Tobacco was a popular crop to grow. Any man that paid got 50 acres of land. The Dutch brought slaves and they had to work so much. Blacks weren’t considered slaves at this time. When babies were born into slavery, were split up from their family. Life on a farm was a much different than farming now.
Life on the Farm/Plantation
Life on the farm was a very hard job. New England had a very hard time growing crops because of their bad soil and cold winters that killed crops. Middle colony farmers grew lots of crops and were often called the bread basket for the amount of food they grew. They grew wheat, barley, oats, rye, and maize (corn). Southern colonies most popular crop was tobacco, but they also grew indigo and grew rice. Children cared for animals on the farm. Tobacco was the hardest plant to harvest in the colonies. In the Southern colonies, cash crops grew very well. Many Southern planters became very wealthy by selling their crops. A cash crop is a crop that can be sold for lots of money. Farming was a very difficult job in the colonies, but in the end it was mostly worth it.
If you lived in colonial times you wouldn’t go out to Ikea for your bed; you would build it yourself. Back then they would make their own: tables, clothes, beds, and chairs. Their farming tools were very basic. The first cottages had catted clay chimneys, one room frames and steep thatched roofs. A plantation was a large farm where owners sold a crop for money, ex: cotton, tobacco, rice. The wealthy owned slaves; the slaves were forced to work and had no pay. The fireplace was used for cooking, heating, and light but it was very dangerous. The kitchen was the main room in the house and usually only girls and women worked in that room. Tobacco was a main crop and was sold for a high price, because it did not grow well in England. But it did grow well in Virginia because of hot, humid weather. It was nicknamed the ‘cash crop’ because it was a crop that people grew and earned a lot of money by selling it. Colonial life on the farm was very different that life is today!
Most farmers weren’t very rich in colonial times. They grew corn, wheat, barley, oats, rye, and tobacco. Tobacco was mostly made in the south and was considered a cash crop. New England had poor land for farming. The soil wasn’t good for growing crops and long winters killed crops quickly. New England farmers mostly ate fish. The middle colonies grew every crop in America. They used cows to plow the land. Wheat gave colonists so much food. Many of the crops still exist today.
Colonial farming families depended on farming for survival, so life was constant work. They made their own clothes, tables, beds, chairs, food, and houses. Some crops farmers raised were corn, wheat, tobacco, and barley. They hunted cattle and wild boar. Colonists were considered wasteful farmers. They cleared forests and mined soil for their farms. But, in the colonial times the amount of land seemed “limitless”. Colonial farming families owned fifty to one hundred acres of land. “Whew!” Farms were a very important part of colonial life.
Life on the Farm
In the Colonial Times farming was the top priority. You couldn’t rely on a
supermarket for your food, you had to farm for it. It wasn’t easy in New England. The land was filled with rocks and sand, which made it bad to farm. Also, the growing season, the best time to grow crops and food, was very short; it only lasted from May to October. The southern colonies were much better to farm in. The soil was good for farming and the growing season was much longer. Farmers would build their houses and towns out of wood from the forest. Also, on their farm they grew a lot of tobacco and rice. Tobacco and rice were considered to be cash crops because farmers would become very wealthy from selling tobacco and rice. Farming was not easy in Colonial Times.
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